Among the numerous phenomena that psychology studies, there are some that are repeated more frequently on a day-to-day basis. Today we explore the most common phenomena that make the mind of human beings and that can configure all kinds of psychological conditions, disorders and behaviors.
This peculiarity of the human mind generates that, in case of having two conflicting beliefs or thoughts, When making decisions contrary to what we think our body begins to feel bad, discomfort and anxiety arise. When we realize this tension, people we unconsciously seek to recover the balance to reduce the dissonance that makes us feel bad. In this way, our body adapts itself to be able to behave or argue in defense of the decision we have made, and thus generates calm and conviction that we did the right thing.
A very clear example of cognitive dissonance is that of the smoker. He knows that it hurts him and that it significantly increases the likelihood of getting cancer and other diseases. Advertising and campaigns that prohibit smoking in public places increase that internal tension and contradiction. We know that smoking kills, but we prefer to deny it. People tend to use phrases like "we're going to die", or "the doctor says I have perfect lungs", "I can control it". These types of phrases seek to reduce tension.
One third of the world's population suffers hallucinations at some point in their lives. In the same way, ordinary people often present thoughts of a paranoid type. The brain acts thus seeking to fill the lack of information. The problem is when these types of thoughts or hallucinations happen often. In these cases, it is an alarm for problems in certain areas of the brain. For example, it is known that when schizophrenics have hallucinations, it is because the region that is responsible for sending the message is activated. The sound, the images or the perceived smells exist for them, even if there are no stimuli that activate and trigger this situation in reality.
This effect is well known, and occurs when the subject believes that a drug or medication helps or has an effect on him, even if the effect is not real in terms of the physiological basis. The examples of Placebo are many products that have "magical and miraculous effects", which are sold in pharmacies, or energy bracelets.
Researchers have worked on the placebo effect and discovered some curiosities such as:
- The bigger the pill, the more it heals.
- If two pills are consumed, they heal more than just one.
- Blues have better effects than red ones.
- Placebos in pills may have more curative effects than certain pills.
- Injections are even more effective in healing, even if they are placebo.
- Placebo tests such as x-rays and scans help to calm the patient.
The mind is convinced of the positive effects of the drug or medical test and that predisposes the body to a faster recovery.